Bsc. I.T. - Principles of Geographic Information Systems
Bsc. I.T.

Principles of Geographic Information Systems Syllabus

I A Gentle Introduction to GIS
The nature of GIS:
Some fundamental observations, Defining GIS, GISystems, GIScience and GIApplications, Spatial data and Geoinformation.

The real world and representations of it: Models and modelling, Maps, Databases, Spatial databases and spatial analysis

Geographic Information and Spatial Database
Models and Representations of the real world
Geographic Phenomena:
Defining geographic phenomena, types of geographic phenomena, Geographic fields, Geographic objects, Boundaries

Computer Representations of Geographic Information: Regular tessellations, irregular tessellations, Vector representations, Topology and Spatial relationships, Scale and Resolution, Representation of Geographic fields, Representation of Geographic objects

Organizing and Managing Spatial Data
The Temporal Dimension
II Data Management and Processing Systems
Hardware and Software Trends
Geographic Information Systems:
GIS Software, GIS Architecture and functionality, Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)

Stages of Spatial Data handling: Spatial data handling and preparation, Spatial Data Storage and maintenance, Spatial Query and Analysis, Spatial Data Presentation.

Database management Systems: Reasons for using a DBMS, Alternatives for data management, The relational data model, Querying the relational database.

GIS and Spatial Databases: Linking GIS and DBMS, Spatial database functionality.
III Spatial Referencing and Positioning
Spatial Referencing:
Reference surfaces for mapping, Coordinate Systems, Map Projections, Coordinate Transformations

Satellite-based Positioning: SAbsolute positioning, Errors in absolute positioning, Relative positioning, Network positioning, code versus phase measurements, Positioning technology.

Data Entry and Preparation
Spatial Data Input:
Direct spatial data capture, Indirect spatial data captiure, Obtaining spatial data elsewhere.

Data Quality: Accuracy and Positioning, Positional accuracy, Attribute accuracy, Temporal accuracy, Lineage, Completeness, Logical consistency

Data Preparation: Data checks and repairs, Combining data from multiple sources

Point Data Transformation: Interpolating discrete data, Interpolating continuous data
IV Spatial Data Analysis:
Classification of analytical GIS Capabilities
Retrieval, classification and measurement:
Measurement, Spatial selection queries, Classification

Overlay functions: Vector overlay operators,Raster overlay operators

Neighbourhood functions: Proximity computations, Computation of diffusion, Flow computation, Raster based surface analysis

Analysis: Network analysis, interpolation, terrain modeling

GIS and Application models: GPS, Open GIS Standards, GIS Applications and Advances

Error Propagation in spatial data processing: How Errors propagate, Quantifying error propagation
V Data Visualization:
GIS and Maps, The Visualization Process
Visualization Strategies: Present or explore?
The cartographic toolbox:
What kind of data do I have?, How can I map my data?

How to map?: How to map qualitative data, How to map quantitative data, How to map the terrain elevation, How to map time series

Map Cosmetics, Map Dissemination

Principles of Geographic Information Systems Practicals

Practical NoDetails
0 Familiarizing Quantum GIS: Installation of QGIS, datasets for both Vector and Raster data, Maps.
1 Creating and Managing Vector Data: Adding vector layers, setting properties, formatting, calculating line lengths and statistics
2 Exploring and Managing Raster data: Adding raster layers, raster styling and analysis, raster mosaicking and clipping
3 Making a Map, Working with Attributes, Importing Spreadsheets or CSV files Using Plugins, Searching and Downloading OpenStreetMap Data
4 Working with attributes, terrain Data
5 Working with Projections and WMS Data
6 Georeferencing Topo Sheets and Scanned Maps
Georeferencing Aerial Imagery
Digitizing Map Data
7 Managing Data Tables and Saptial data Sets: Table joins, spatial joins, points in polygon analysis, performing spatial queries
8 Advanced GIS Operations 1: Nearest Neighbor Analysis, Sampling Raster Data using Points or Polygons, Interpolating Point Data
9 Advance GIS Operations 2: Batch Processing using Processing Framework Automating Complex Workflows using Processing Modeler Automating Map Creation with Print Composer Atlas
10 Validating Map data

Principles of Geographic Information Systems Reference Books

Title Principles of Geographic Information Systems- An Introductory Text Book
Authors Editors: Otto Huisman and Rolf A.
Publisher The International Institute of Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation
Edition 4th
Year 2009
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Title Principles of Geographic Information Systems
Authors P.A Burrough and R.A.McDonnell
Publisher Oxford University Press
Edition 3rd
Year 1999
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Title Fundamentals of Spatial Information Systems
Authors R.Laurini and D. Thompson,
Publisher Academic Press
Year 1994
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Title Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems
Authors Michael N.Demers
Publisher Wiley Publications
Edition 4th
Year 2009
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Title Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
Authors Chang Kang-tsung (Karl)
Publisher McGrawHill
Edition Any above 3rd Edition
Year 2013 7th Edition
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Title GIS Fundamentals: A First Text on Geographic Information Systems
Authors Paul Bolsatd
Publisher XanEdu Publishing Inc
Edition 5th
Download Here